What is PM&R
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as Physiatry, is a medical specialty that involves the process of restoring function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease, disorder, or injury.
Physiatry provides integrated, multidisciplinary care aimed at recovery of the whole person-by addressing the individual’s physical, emotional, medical, vocational, and social needs. A physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation is called a physiatrist.
What is Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is the process of helping an individual achieve the highest level of function, independence, and a good quality of life. Rehabilitation does not reverse or undo the damage caused by disease or trauma, but rather helps restore the individual to optimal health, functioning, and well-being.
The Goal of Rehabilitation:
The purpose of rehabilitation is to help the patient reach the highest level of function by preventing complications, reducing disability, and improving independence.
The Rehabilitation Program:
Rehabilitation medicine is designed to meet each person’s specific needs; therefore, each program is different. Some general treatment components for rehabilitation programs include the following:
- treating the basic disease and preventing complications
- treating the disability and improving function
- providing adaptive tools and altering the environment
- teaching the patient and helping them adapt to lifestyle changes
The success of rehabilitation depends on many variables, including the following:
- the nature and severity of the disease, disorder, or injury
- the type and degree of any resulting impairments and disabilities
- the overall health of the patient
- family support